In my previous life as a consultant, one of our clients hired us to "increase the code coverage" of their code base. We would not develop any new features or make any changes. They just wanted us to write tests. Basically they wanted us to bring the coverage up to 70%. Why 70% you may ask. Probably because someone pulled a finger out of his or her back orifice, sniffed it and thought: Hmm.. this definitely smells like 70%.
Regardless the stupid and random number, as consultants we actually did our best to actually write proper and meaningful tests. They did not want us to refactoring. Just tests. The developers themselves (client employees) would not be writing tests. Probably too busy doing proper work, breaking the tests after each commit. Thanks for them, they had the monkeys here fixing the tests. The reason for that was that the same person with the smelly finger decided that everyone would have a higher bonus if they reached 70% test coverage.
More recently, I've seen a similar behaviour. Keeping a close eye on the metrics provided by Sonar, that does a great job by the way, managers and senior developers are constantly pushing the teams to improve the quality of the code. Time is allocated in every sprint and developers are asked to increase the code coverage. The intention behind it is good, right? Bit by bit the application get better. Awesome.
The idea was to improve the quality and reliability of the application. Unfortunately, developers with the urge to finish the task, just focused on the "increase code coverage" part of the task. They then started writing "tests" that were not asserting anything. Basically what they were doing was writing some code inside a test method that would invoke public methods in classes but would not test the outcomes or side effects of those method invocations.
It measures the percentage of the code exercised by code written inside test methods. It does not measure the percentage of code tested by testing code. Having a test method that just invokes a public method in a class and does not test (assert/verify) anything, will make the code coverage go up but will not test the system. This, of course, is totally pointless since it does not test if the public method invoked actually does what it is supposed to do or if it does anything at all.
(In no particular order)
By the way, when I mention test, I mean all types/levels of tests, not just unit.
Focus on what the metrics are telling you and not on improving the numbers. Focusing on numbers may give you a false impression of quality.
My point here is that the focus should be on TESTING the application and not in increasing its code coverage metric. We need to make sure we capture the behaviour of our application via tests, expressing its intent, refactoring to make it better. Tests (at all levels) should tell you a story about the behaviour of your application. And guess what? In writing tests for your application, besides all the benefits mentioned above, your code coverage metric will still go up as a side effect.
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